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Known the major Causes & Symptoms of Fatty Liver

Causes and symptoms of fatty liver
By Admin Posted: 2022-05-11

According to our doctors at the Best  Hospital in Amritsar-Altec Hospital, our liver is the second largest organ in the body, which works by extracting nutrients from the diet and fluids you are consuming and removing harmful substances from the blood. However, some people have fatty liver problems, which cause the liver to stop functioning properly.

When severe, the problem is also called hepatic steatosis, in which the liver becomes impaired due to excess liver fat and inflammation. Untreated fatty liver problems can also lead to later liver failure. And, if you think that the Gallbladder Surgery in Amritsar can help you then just be aware of the fact that opting for this surgery can be totally risky, in the case of fatty liver. 

What is Fatty Liver?

Before knowing about what are the causes and symptoms of fatty liver, one must know what it is? Fatty liver disease is a common condition that is caused by having excess fat build up in your liver. Usually, a healthy liver contains a small amount of fat but a fat reaching 5% to 10% of your liver’s weight, causes a serious problem.

Type of Fatty Liver Disease

There are two types of this significant disease. These are Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) and Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (AFLD)

  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a problem when fats in your liver begin to accumulate without a history of alcohol consumption and this leads to liver inflammation.

  • A history of alcohol consumption in alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD) causes the liver to freeze fat and causes liver inflammation. In addition, a rare type of liver disease is the acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP). This usually occurs during the third trimester and the actual reason behind it is not yet known. When left untreated it poses a threat to the health of the mother and child.

What are the Symptoms of Fatty Liver?

What are the symptoms of fatty liver

According to some of the studies, it is clear that some patients are diagnosed with the fatty liver disease without even noticing particular symptoms but still a few patients tell very common signs of the chronic ailment. So, What problems are caused by a fatty liver? Or what do you experience in a condition of fatty liver? Let’s know the 11 symptoms of what causes fatty liver disease, told by some specific patients:

  • Increased insulin levels in the body

  • Pain or stuffy feeling in the middle or straight arm

  • Increased liver enzyme levels

  • Fatigue and weakness

  • Triglyceride levels rise

  • Vomiting or nausea

  • Yellowing of eyes or skin

  • Palms red

  • Large veins under the skin

Keep in mind that not everyone has the same signs or symptoms. People may also see symptoms other than those described above, which are not described here. If you have any doubt or questions about the symptoms associated with fatty liver, you must consult your doctor at Altec Hospital-the Best MultispecialityHospital in Amritsar. Also, our doctors can clarify your doubts about choosing Gallbladder surgery in Amritsar, for fatty liver.

What is the main causes of a fatty liver?

Causes of fatty liver

There are no particular reasons why people face this disease yet there is a limited number of the basis for fatty liver, such as: 

  • Insulin Resistance & High-Blood Sugar: If you have insulin resistance and high blood sugar levels in your body, then you may complain of liver fat accumulation of grade-1 with type-2 diabetes.

  • Over Consumption of Refined Carbs: If you are consuming too many refined carbs, it can increase the process of fat storage in the liver. Individuals affected by overweight and insulin resistance are at greater risk.

  • Excessive alcohol consumption

  • Excess Abdominal Fat: If you have normal body weight and have a lot of fat around your belly, you may still have a fatty liver.

  • Obesity: Obesity involves low-grade inflammation, which can increase the process of fat storage in the liver. It is estimated that 30 to 90 percent of obese adults suffer from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

  • Intestinal Bacteria: The problem of intestinal bacteria can also cause non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

  • Over Consumption of Liquids: Also, consuming sugary liquids such as soda or energy drinks can cause you the problem of this disease. Because the fructose present in them increases the fat freezing process in the liver of adults and children.

  • Viral Hepatitis, Age & Malnutrition: Apart from the reasons mentioned above, chronic viral hepatitis, age, and malnutrition can also cause fatty liver.

Stages of Fatty Liver:

It progresses through three stages:

  • The initial stage is called steatohepatitis in which a liver becomes swollen or inflamed, damaging its tissue. 

  • In the second stage i.e. fibrosis, the scar tissue starts forming where your liver is damaged.

  • The final or last stage is called cirrhosis of the liver when the healthy tissues are replaced by extensive scar tissues.

What does a Fatty Liver test reveal?

To detect fatty liver, the doctor may take the help of the following tests in addition to your medical history and physical examination such as putting pressure on the liver in the stomach. This assessment includes:

  • Blood enzyme levels are tested in your body along with a blood test. Increased levels are a sign of liver inflammation, which increases the risk of liver disease, and doctors may suggest other tests related to fatty liver.

  • It can be done with the help of ultrasound, CT scan, MRI test, and photo examination of the liver. Besides, vibration-controlled transient elastography can also be performed to detect liver stiffness.

  • A liver biopsy can be done to check the severity of any liver disease. In this, the doctor removes a tissue of your liver for examination.

How to control Fatty Liver?

The following methods can be adapted to control fatty liver:

  • If you are overweight, control your weight.

  • Fatty liver is usually caused by alcohol consumption. Therefore, you should stop taking it to control fatty liver.

  • Get at least 30 minutes of regular exercise every day.

  • Control the blood sugar level in the body.

  • Eat a balanced and nutritious diet. Which includes fruits, green vegetables, pulses, beans, etc., and reduces the consumption of sweets, rice, bread, etc.

How is Fatty Liver treated?

Currently, there is no authentic medicine available to treat fatty liver. However, it can be identified initially and can be controlled or corrected with the help of lifestyle changes. Subsequently, if this problem later turns into cirrhosis or liver failure, then a liver transplant is the only option.

So, if you question “Is fatty liver dangerous?”, then the answer would be ‘yes, it can be’. So, you must consider fatty liver disease as an early warning sign that will help you in avoiding a fatal liver condition, like liver cancer or cirrhosis.

It does not matter whether you face or not the Grade 1 fatty liver symptoms or any other liver function problems at this point, just take proper precautions, just do not think about the Gallbladder surgery in Amritsar, and consult the best hepatologist in Amritsar(India) at the Best Multispeciality Hospital in Amritsar i.e. at Altec Hospital to know more about what are the causes and symptoms of fatty liver disease along with appropriate steps to stop or reverse it.

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